Friday, May 22, 2020

Safety School College Admissions Definition

A safety school (sometimes called a back-up school) is a college that you will almost certainly get into because your standardized test scores, class rank and high school grades are well above the average for admitted students. Also, safety schools will always have relatively high acceptance rates. Key Takeaways: Safety Schools A safety school is one that is almost certain to admit you. Your qualifications need to be stronger than most applicants.Dont apply to a safety school if you cant see yourself going there. Since admission is nearly guaranteed, you need just one or two safety schools on your college list.Ivy League and highly selective colleges are never safety schools. How Do You Know If a School Qualifies as a "Safety"? Some students make the mistake of over-estimating their chances at colleges by considering schools safeties that should have been match schools. In most cases this is fine and the applicants get into one of their match schools, but once in a while, students find themselves in the unenviable position of being rejected by every college to which they applied. To avoid finding yourself in this situation, its important to identify properly your safety schools. Here are some tips: Explore the college profiles on this site and find schools for which your SAT and/or ACT scores are at or above the 75% numbers. This places you in the top 25% of applicants for this measure, so assuming your grades, application essay (if applicable) and other measures are in line, you should have a very good chance of being admitted.If a college has open admissions and you have met the minimum requirements for admission, you can obviously consider that school a safety school.Similarly, community colleges can be considered safety schools—they almost always have open admissions and simply require a high school diploma or GED to enroll. Just keep in mind that spaces can be limited for some programs, so youll want to apply and register as early as possible. Don't Apply to Colleges You Don't Want to Attend Far too often students apply to so-called safety schools rather thoughtlessly with no plans of ever attending. If you cant see yourself being happy at your safety schools, you havent chosen the colleges on your short list carefully. If youve done your research well, your safety schools should be colleges and universities that have a campus culture and academic programs that are a good match for your personality, interests, and professional goals. Many outstanding institutions have high acceptance rates and can fall into the category of a safety school. Dont simply default to the local community college or regional university if you really cant picture yourself there.   Think of a safety school as a college you like that is likely to admit you. Dont think of it in terms of settling for a lesser college you have no interest in attending. To How Many Safety Schools Should You Apply? With reach schools, applying to quite a few institutions can make sense since your chances of being admitted are slim. The more times you play the lottery, the more likely you are to win. With safety schools, on the other hand, one or two schools will suffice. Assuming you have identified your safety schools properly, you will almost certainly be admitted, so you dont need to apply to more than one or two favorites. Some Schools AreNeverSafeties Even if youre a valedictorian with perfect SAT scores, you should never consider the top U.S. colleges and top universities to be safety schools. The admissions standards at these schools are so high that no one is guaranteed acceptance. Indeed, any college that has highly selective admissions should be considered a match school at best, even if you are a remarkably strong student. Those straight As and 800s on the SAT certainly make it  likely  that you will get in, but they dont guarantee admission. The countrys most selective schools all have holistic admissions, and its always possible that other strong candidates will be chosen instead of you. As an example, the rejection data for Brown University reveals that a significant number of applicants with 4.0 unweighted GPAs and near perfect SAT and ACT scores were rejected.

Friday, May 8, 2020

An Organization Who Deal With Human Beings Who Become...

Focus Ireland is an organisation who deal with human beings who become homeless or/and who is possible at risk to lose their house. It has been founded in 1985 by Irish visionary and social innovator Sr. Stanislaus Kennedy where they responses of homeless women ‘s needs in Dublin. Focus Ireland is a nationwide service, it is operating through the country and they have office in each county. Over 70 services across Ireland expanding to meet demand. In Connacht three services, Leinster 36 services, Ulster two services and Munster 32 services (Focus Ireland, 2016). Their operation to address the causes of homelessness. Their services dictated by the needs of their customers, they offer individuals and families lots of supports in terms of advice, information and help. This paper will cover the vison, mission, aim and values pf Focus Ireland, then I will elaborate about the role of social care worker in this organization. Focus Ireland’s vision that â€Å"Each individual entitled to live in a safe place which called home† (2014). They worked with single individuals, families and young individuals too who become homeless or at the risk to become one. Their mission to provide lots of support, advice, education and helping individuals and families to have a house or to keep their house by advocating on their behalf to the landlords (Focus Ireland, 2016). Focus Ireland believes that the quality of service delivery is as important as the kind of service they provide. There are eightShow MoreRelatedPoverty in Third World Countries1654 Words   |  7 Pagesdoes not solve poverty. People always say they feel sorry for poor people and the rich love them, but they never do their part. People do not prevent themselves from buying things that are not necessary to them. That money could be donated to people who are in need of it. There are many people in rich countries living a luxurious life, while others in poor countries are starving but cannot find anything to eat. People in rich countries are buying more than their needs. For example, many teenagers inRead MoreIs Cleaning A Beach A Good Thing? Essay1619 Words   |  7 Pagesit is hard to figure it out what is being good. Every good act in mind comes with excuses. The danger of two words, â€Å"what if†, spoils the compassion to help people who are in need. What if I get bite from saving wild animals? What if I do this, but come up with a bad result? Is cleaning a beach a good thing? Is making a donation to a charity enough to prove that I did good act? Is giving money to homeless people a good thing? Without special skills, is it possible to carry out goodness? Even thoughRead MoreThe Social Issues Of Homelessness1133 Words   |  5 PagesStates are homeless, the largest part of that group belonging to the famed and familiar city: Los Angeles. But why is it that the majority of Americans seem so unaffected by the penniless, impoverished souls harboring the areas they often visit? It was once delivered by the famed businessman and religious leader, Joseph B. Wirthlin, in an address named Live in Thanksgiving Daily that The more often we the see things around us -- even the beautiful and wonderful -- the more they become invisibleRead MoreInterview with a Human Service Professional Essay1405 Words   |  6 Pagesexplore human service professional in thei r work environment, and observe human service professional in their particular settings, what type of education is required for their position of choice. The human services profession has a variety of populations that they serve; this is a wide array of people. Human service professionals serve populations such as, high-risk mothers who may have shortfalls in education, psychosocial, nutritional, and little or no transportation. Another is the homeless populationRead MoreClient paper865 Words   |  4 Pageswith whatever needs they may have at that time. The ultimate and main goal is to help the client become self-sufficient. Help them learn new skills as well as provide referrals to resources when needed. The job is to help provide the clients with alternatives to what they are going thru at that time. Nothing is easy but the result is for the client to be better off from before they enter the door. Human service workers support such a diverse population of clients no matter the age group. The elderlyRead MoreHomelessness As Positively Affected by the McKinney Act1436 Words   |  6 Pagesplight faced by one of the largest, most vulnerable populations in America today: the homeless, and how the McKinney Act has affected it. This out-group faces many hardships and many different policies have been put into place both helping and harming their overall wellbeing.â€Æ' Policies Implemented For Homeless Many social welfare policies have been put into place throughout the course of history to attempt to deal with the ever present problem of homelessness. Starting at the first widespread attemptRead MoreServant Leadership and the Board of Directors1146 Words   |  5 Pagesis the proper relationship between a servant leader within an organization and the board of directors that provides organizational oversight and direction for the organization? What does the literature reflect about this particular dynamic, and how do power and politics of an organization function vis-à  -vis servant leadership? These issues will be discussed in this paper. Servant Leader and the Board of Directors The purpose of human life is to serve and to show compassion and the will to helpRead MoreHomelessness Is An Ongoing Global Tragedy2992 Words   |  12 Pagesperson could be homeless for days, weeks, months, or years. Homelessness has increased in the past two decades reaching a historically high level that affects people from all walks of life. There are anywhere from 700,000 to 3 million people who are homeless on any given night in America. It is one of the most persistent problems that American citizens have faced in recent times. It includes not only those who are living on the streets or in shelters and hostels but also those who are living in temporaryRead MoreThe Extinction Of Homelessness Essay1856 Words   |  8 PagesCommunities worldwide are relentlessly attempting to deal with overwhelming amount of homeless citizen and trying to decipher the possible causes, so that an effective long term remedy can be achieved. Possibly it is the perfect moment to embrace a new-fangled innovative way that will contribute to the radicalization of t his rapidly developing crisis. By taking a proactive approach it is possible to terminate this deplorable situation. Defining Homeless ness Homelessness is defined in many ways. MostRead MoreHomelessness : A Social Problem2408 Words   |  10 PagesHumans are known to be social creatures. It does not matter whether an individual falls on the introverted side of a personality spectrum because some form of human interaction is needed in order to function in life. However, when individuals are shunned by society due to issues such as homelessness or mental illness, the social contact that they need in order to thrive often stops. Many individuals are condemned if they suffer with homelessness or mental illness, however the integration of individuals

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Typewronger Free Essays

To be or not to be That is the question Tiger, Tiger, burning bright Why, this is L Normyoutfit Anyone can do it You too can be a Poet See! Stars and Stripes Cloaca (ASSHOLE) and + Fortyfour keys to success! A bonus of+% for all future poets!! LSD $$$ All men are equal Oh, how they pound away. Without a stop. FACIT cry l!! The Typewriter Revolution written by D. We will write a custom essay sample on Typewronger or any similar topic only for you Order Now J. Enright in 1920 shows one perspective on how the typewriter was received when it made its debut. The poem’s wit and applica bility to the seemingly unstoppable downward spiral of our language is entertaining. It is a very witty poem and many interpretations can be drawn for the meaning of this poem. In my opinion, Enright wrote this poem as a sort of Joke about how we all abbreviate and th m the more you see. It is an incredible work of art. Art is only as you perceive it. Just as a pic ture is worth a thousand words because so much meaning and beauty in different forms c n be taken away from it, this poem has the same thing. Interpretation and derivation of meaning comes from the individual. As a class, we could all come back with a different idea of the meaning because it is such an open e nded poem. It reminds me of the way I drew meaning from this one song. The chorus goes â€Å"Baby, it’s Bam and I must be lonely†¦ Baby, I cant help but be scarred but the rains g onna wash away I believe it. † I used to draw meaning from the lyrics in a relationship sense of someone feeling alone at 3am but after I met Rob Thomas, the lead singer of the ban dl ame to find out he was really talking about his mother and how he would sit in bed confused and crying at 7 years old while his mom was puking from chemo. Such a si mple two line chorus can have so many interpretations in this expansive ordeal that is the english language that it blows me away when I try to derive meaning from a poem like this on e that is made to have a cornucopia of meaning hiding, waiting to be found amongst the bla ck ink from Enright’s Swedish Maid. many meanings that can be derived from one thing. The more you look into this poe â€Å"Baby, it’s 3am and I must be lonely. How to cite Typewronger, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Tess of the dUrbervilles Essay Example

Tess of the dUrbervilles Paper Look closely at the incident in the chase when Tess is raped/seduced by Alec DUrberville. What do we learn here about the nature of Tesss fate in the novel? Consider Hardys characterisation of Tess and his manipulation of the narrative. In this extract, Alec takes advantage of Tess, and rides her into to the woods. Tess is upset and drunk and Alec takes this as an opportunity to take advantage of Tess. In that moment of oblivion she sank gently against him. This quote shows that Tess can be vulnerable at times, it shows weakness, and even though she is trying to resist Alec she still for that moment relies on him to be there and to comfort her at that time when she needed someone. It shows that she needs someone to lean on, but Alec takes advantage. We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer I mean no harm, only to stop you from falling. Hardy tries to make the reader feel as though Alec is really genuine, as though for that moment he means no harm, as though he is there to comfort her, where as in actual fact is only trying to buy her trust so something will happen, but it doesnt so he decides to take advantage. I dont know, I wish, how can I say yes or no when. Alec asks Tess if he can treat her as a lover, however Tess is disgusted, but before she can get her words out, Alec interrupts and settles the matter by putting his arm around her, and for some reason Tess showed no more signs of disgust, and just accepted Alec. Please set me down and let me walk home. Just as Alec had gained Tesss trust he makes one wrong move, and Tess asks him to let her off the hors and let her walk home, at this point it shows that Tess is in control of the situation, however Alec talks her round, and makes her see the situation logically. with a painful sense of awkwardness of having to thank him just then Durberville tells Tess that he has been sending money to her family, to get her back into his trust, she is deeply moved by this, the quote illustrates that Tess is thankful of the ride, but it is too difficult for her to say to him. She passively sat down on the coat that he had spread. This illustrates that Tess is trying to avoid the presence of Alec, she knows that he had laid the coat down with the intention that she would sit on it, however Tess is trying to tell Alec that she is not interested, in the politest way that she can. Swallowed as he poured, to prevent the catastrophe she feared. This quote shows perfectly Tesss feelings towards Alec, as Alec pours the liquor down Tesss throat, she tries to persist, this is also what has happened whilst they have been riding on the horse. Alec has been trying to catch Tesss affection, but Tess has been trying to avoid it, however not successfully, this is exactly what is happening in this moment. Which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. This quote uses colour imagery, with the white muslin. It shows that Tess is still a girl, she is innocent and vulnerable, it also shows that Alec has power over Tess, he did her a favour by helping out her family, now she must show that she is grateful and kiss him. Hidden by the vales, so his actions are covered. It shows that the act is too dark for anyone to see, it has been hidden by the bushes, it can be unleashed onto human eyes. But where was Tesss guardian Angel. It represents that Tess needs looking after, and that the rape is an act of satan, it is a hellish thing to do to another human being. The hands of the spoiler. It shows that through this one act, Alec has ruined her whole life, he has been the catalyst for all things that go wrong for Tess in the novel, he has stolen her purity and innocence. It is scorned by human nature. It is beyond an average human act, this act is too vicious for a human, it is the work of some sort of hellish beast. Blank as snow. Again colour imagery, although white is not mentioned, the snow represents the purity and innocence of Tess. Tess of the dUrbervilles Essay Example Tess of the dUrbervilles Essay Thomas Hardy sometimes uses the landscape to reflect mood of his characters. Choose two brief extracts (about two pages each) where he does this; one when Tess is happy and another when she is not. How does Hardy reflect Tesss mood through landscape in these extracts? How does Lawrence use setting and place in Tickets Please? How do these two writers manage to convey a sense of the time at which these stories are written? The first extract I have chosen to analyse in Tess of the DUrbervilles when Tess is happy is In the Rally XVI on page 132-134. This melts in to the happy mood of Tess as she has set out from home for the second time to the Talbothays dairy, where she meets Angel. In employing the Nature motif into Hardys work, he has been able to use it to describe the character feelings. The second extract in which nature echos Tesss not so happy mood is The Maiden No More XVI, pages 109-110. Hardy has used the language in the Rally XVI extract to show what state of mind Tess is in. Firstly he uses adverbs that help to set the mood, and give the landscape a more vivid description. Examples of some of the adverbs Hardy uses are, luxuriantly, intensely, wonderfully, profusely, continually. These words are all associated with happiness and cheeriness and do not give the text a sense of gloom, and are generally enthusiastic words. Tess also describes the landscape as being, more cheering in the Rally, and this definitely imitates her happier mood. However, in The Maiden No more Hardy has not used many adverbs to describe the landscape to give it a sense of gloom. Instead Hardy has used many more adjectives and other grammatical tools. We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Tess of the dUrbervilles specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Examples of adjectives Hardy has used are, denser, vigour, goldern-haired, beaming, ruddy, curious, narrow, rickety and hazy. These adjectives all give a sense of relaxed, slow and sad feelings within Tess because she has a child, and in the latter part of the chapter actually dies. This begins to set the scene for this tragic event. The chapter Rally XVI opens with a dull and almost slow pace when Hardy says: It was a hazy sunrise in August. The denser nocturnal vapours where they waited till they should be dried away to nothing. This is Hardys description of mist or fog in an early summers morning. He points out that the mist is quite dense and this almost weighs it down and is not described as being a light mist, but a dense, oppressing mist. This may relate to Tess having an unclear vision of what is going on and her mental composition. Hardy also uses adjectives in the Rally extract to give the landscape a sense of happiness such as, beautiful, clear, bracing, slow, soft, silent, scents and larger. He uses positive words that make the text seem delightful and this in turn shows us how Tess is feeling. Hardy also uses colours such as blue and green to describe nouns and these colours can be associated with spring, a new start and happiness. Another type of grammar Hardy uses is verbs, which have been very well chosen for the mood he wants to paint. For example in the Maiden No More extract he uses verbs like attacked, shrinking, demanding, feel, prevailed, gazing, brimming, smeared, intensified, dipped in liquid fire and ticking to give a sense of unhappiness, and are quite emotive. They are all very intense verbs, which are quite coarse and harsh. Likewise in The Rally XVI extract, intriguing verbs have also been used by Hardy such as, cheering, prattled, lacked, speckled, dazzling, nourished and fluctuating. All of these verbs have a sense of cheeriness and happiness, and give the sense of Tess being in a happy mood. An example is on page 134 when Hardy says, She heard a pleasant voice in every, and in every birds note seemed to lurk a joy. By using adjectives like pleasant and joy there is immediately a perception of happiness. A quote which portrays Tess to be in a happy mood, is when Hardy says, It lacked the intensely blue atmosphere of the rival vale, and its heavy soil and scents; the new air was clear, bracing, ethereal. This quote makes Tesss condition seem refreshing and happier as Hardy uses confident words like ethereal and bracing, and is again making a comparison between the new and old scenery, as Hardy describe the past scene as the rival vale. On page 133, Hardy says, The world was drawn to a larger pattern here. This quotation extends Tesss thinking into a broader field, making her feel more open and making the world beyond her looking cheerful. Another indicator of Tesss happiness on page 133 is when Hardy says, Either the change in the quality of the air from heavy to light, or the sense of being amid new scenes where there were no invidious eyes upon her, sent up her spirits wonderfully. This quote directly informs the reader that the new scenery and atmosphere around Tess have sent up her spirits wonderful, or basically made her feel much happier. A pattern of Hardys language is emerging here, as he has yet again used a comparison between the old and the new environment. Firstly he comments on the air quality going from heavy to light, as he does about the soil earlier on, and then the scenery itself. Hardy has concentrated on the wind and natural environment a lot, in the section echoing Tesss poised time. On page 134, Hardy says: Her hopes mingled with the sunshine in an ideal photosphere which surrounded her as she bounded along against the soft south wind. This is also a good quote to refer to Tess in a happy, yet anticipating mood. Hardy describes Tess as being a part of nature as her hopes are mingled with the sunshine, the sun also being a god-like feature in the Maiden No More extract, but also as the wind is described as soft and southerly there is a sense of warmth and happiness. The south wind is referred to in the same paragraph when Hardy says: It was her best face physically that was now set against the south wind. This directly informs the reader that Tess is probably smiling and happy, and reference to the south wind, is made again in the quotation. The short story that I am going to be analysing is Tickets Please by D H Lawrence, written in the 20th century, the protagonists being Annie and John Thomas, which is set in the First World War in the Midlands. It is easy to identify that this text has been set in the First World War, because the narrator mentions since we are in war-time, and the tram was entirely conducted by girls something common for that time, as men were out fighting in the war. Other indicators of it being the First World War are Statutes Fair, Co-operative Wholesale Society, Hat pins that John Thomas won for Annie, quoits-he threw on the table and the colliers. DH Lawrence was born in Nottinghamshire, and his father was a coal-miner. References to his background are reflected in the text, as he says black colliery garden and the description of this particular part of the Midlands is a very close interpretation of Nottinghamshire at that time. D H Lawrence also wrote about Thomas Hardy, and therefore may have been influenced to signify the importance of the setting as Hardy has done in many of his books. Alike Thomas Hardy, DH Lawrence also uses the language to set a mood for the location he describes. Tickets Please starts off in the Midlands in the rural, black industrial countryside and we are then taken through the reckless swoops downhill and end up in the sordid streets of the great town. The beginning of the short story is where most of the scene has been set, and is written as a turbulent journey. Lawrence uses far more adjectives and adverbs than Hardy does to describe his location, and therefore makes the place more vividly refined and imaginable. The beginning of the short story is a journey, in which the places change yet appear to characterise a similar type of mood. D H Lawrence uses many descriptive words and phrases, particularly using grammatical tools like adjectives to create a vivid picture of area. Examples of these are, cold, gloomy ugly, wild, stark, black, little, industrial, sordid and grimy. All of these adjectives are dull and depressing, setting a grim and gloomy atmosphere. Lawrence also uses many more interesting verbs to describe the Tram than Hardy does to describe his landscapes. Examples of interesting and exciting verbs are plunges, perched, bouncing, slithering, and halts. These verbs make the tram sound exciting and almost scary to be on, by using such hard-impacting verbs. This is re-enforced when the narrator refers to the journey as being an adventure more than once. DH Lawrence and Hardy both use personification in their text to describe the settings. Lawrence uses personification to give the place a more life-like description when he says, The last ugly place of industry, the cold, little town that shivers on the edge of the wild gloomy country beyond. The town is described to be shivering, which is a human characteristic. During the journey the place seems to cheer up as it say; There the green and creamy coloured tram-cars seen to pause and purr with curious satisfaction. The use of words such as satisfaction, purr, and green stand out in the text, because the place is formerly described as being cold, dark, and smoggy. Both of these examples are places where anthropomorphism has been used, because the town has been described to be shivering and the cars purring, a characteristic of cats. Hardy also uses anthropomorphism quite subtly when he says in the Maiden No More, the arms of the mechanical reaper revolving slowly the last few yards of upright wheat fell also under the teeth of the unerring reaper. Here Hardy describes the reaper as having arms and teeth, consequently being given human characteristics, or anthropomorphic. The journey returns to its gloom when Lawrence says, Reckless swoops downhill again the breathless slithering around the precipitators drop under the church. By using words like slithering and reckless the scary scene is re-set. In comparison to Tess of the DUrbervilles, Thomas Hardy has also used personification in the Maiden No More-XIV but not in the Rally, like Lawrence to describe the settings. Hardy says, The sun, had a curious sentient, personal look, demanding the masculine pronoun for its adequate expression. His present aspect coupled with the lack of all human forms in the scene Here Hardy refers to the sun as a person, by saying his and had a personal look, when really we know that the sun does not have a look and does not have human mannerisms. Hardy then goes on to say: The luminary was a goldern-haired, beaming, mild-eyed, God-like creature, gazing down in the vigour and intentness of youth apon an earth that was brimming with interest for him. Here Hardy clearly describes the sun as having human characteristics and appearance, such as being, goldern-haired and mild-eyed. Philosophically, Hardy has referred to the gods and the heavenly bodies more than once in this quote, and this is probably to show how Tess feels about the situation of her alone with her child, and the mishaps she has recently faced. It is honourable that people turn to a higher force than beings, like God, for help and guidance through turbulent periods of their lives and this has been illustrated by personifying the sun to be a god-like creature and luminary. By using personification, both writers can achieve a sense of creativeness and make it easier for the reader to relate to, therefore making the settings more distinct. Lawrence does not use personification after the beginning of the story, and similarly Hardy does not use personification in the Rally XVI to describe the cheerful settings, instead Hardy uses comparisons. In the Rally XVI, Hardy compares many features of the new part of England Tess is visiting, to her childhoods natural environment. For example on page 133 he says, The river itself, which nourished the grass and cows of these renowned dairies, flowed not like the streams in Blackmoor. Those were slow, silent, often turbid The Froom waters were clear as the pure River of life By making a correlation between the clear Froom waters and the turbid, muddy waters of Blackmoor, Hardy is able to show that Tess is comparing her past and present state of mind, as she is her past and present landscape. The landscape here shows that Tess is a happy mood, as the landscape around her is being described in a positive manner and as being pure. Thomas Hardy uses purity of the soul and mind a lot in this text, and in the midst of the book depicts this when Angel tells Tess he loves her for her virtue and purity. Hardy also contrasts the scenery to pictures by Van Asloot (1570-1626) or Anthonis Sallaert (1590-1657), Flemish painters of landscapes and large scenes of everyday. Hardy says: The green lea speckled as thickly with them (cows) as a canvas by Van Alsloot or Sallaert with burghers. This is a simile used by Hardy, comparing the expansive land ahead of Tess with of the artists paintings. This helps to show the intensity of cows in the vale, and Hardy elaborates on all of the minor features to make them all sound important. Both writers use similes in their writing to inform the readers of the setting. In Tickets Please, Lawrence says, green cars as a jaunty sprig of parsley out of a black colliery garden. He describes the cars as being like green parsley out of a black colliery garden, which he actually means to be the town. This usage of simile compares our knowledge to the settings and makes the place seem more vivid, however it is quite ironic to contrast a piece of vegetable from a black colliery garden to a car. In relation to Lawrence, Hardy also uses similes in Tess of the DUrbervilles. In the Maiden No More on page 109, Tess is describing the sun, as a person and his actions in the early morning, His light, a little latter, broke through chinks of cottage shutters, throwing stripes like red hot pokers upon cupboards And then again on page 110, Presently there arose from within a ticking like the love-making of grasshopper. The machine had begun Both of these quotes show the usage of similes when Tess is in a sad state of mind. The comparisons are of light and sound, and this impersonates the environment around Tess rather than the scenery. The first quote is a forceful and intense, as he uses two adjective, red and hot to describe the rays of sunlight. The second quote makes the noise of the machine sound very distinct and clear to hear. Both of the writers try to achieve a very clear and distinct picture of what they feel, and do this using the simile. These similes in Tess of the DUrbervilles are quite figurative, as they make reference to her past experience. However similes have also been used in a positive way in Tess, when she is describing the waters of the river Froom in the Rally XVI, on page 133, The Froom waters were clear as the pure River of Life shown to Evangelist, rapid as the shadow of a cloud In this quote the waters were described to be as clear as the pure River of Life and this indicates the fresh start that Tess intends to make by going to the Talbothays Dairy. The second simile in this quote is the speed of the river being as rapid as the shadow of a cloud, which is quite ironic considering clouds can often move quite slowly and sometimes not very fast at all. In Tickets Please there is often reference to other places, when it is night and darkness. Darkness sets a scary atmosphere; building up to a climax or twist in the story and this is noticeable by the usage of adjectives and adverbs by Lawrence. The narrator says, The nights are howlingly cold, black and windswept And then also says, He sat with her on a stile in the black, drizzling darkness. This use of adjectives and adverbs to make the location frightening is re-establish when Lawrence says, and walk across the dark, damp field. Later on in the story, we come to the fairground where Annie bumps into John Thomas. Here the atmosphere of the location is very different to that of the tram journey at the beginning of the text. The fairground is made to sound lively and exciting, yet frightening, which also a technique used to gear up the reader to the main turning point of the story. For example, roundabouts veering around and grinding out their music. The fairground has been described using enticing verbs like veering and grinding, and the roundabout switchbacks are described by the adjective grim-toothed, making the fairground seem exciting and scary in some senses. The fairground is also represented to be an antique place when Lawrence says, caring in a rickety fashion This quote uses the adjective rickety to describe the ride, which means weak or unstable, also implying it is old. Hardy seems to make the Maiden No More echo an unhappy atmosphere when he talks of the killing of the animals in the fields, whilst harvesting. He says: Rabbits, hares, snakes, rats, mice retreated inwards huddled together, friends and foes, till the last few yards of upright wheat fell also under the teeth of the unerring reaper, and they were every one put to death by the sticks and stones of the harvesters. Metaphorically, this is probably how Tess feels, as if she is being drawn into the depths of life, as the animals are of shelter of wheat, cascading down into a hurricane of dread, and that she too will be faced with death eventually. Hardy has also used a section of the folk-phrase proverb, sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me, at the end of this quote. This could be to show as Tess being strong and trying to get through her struggling time. Thomas Hardy was considered a fatalist. Fatalism is a view of life, which insists that all action everywhere be controlled by nature of things, or by power superior to things, as illustrated in the example of heavenly bodies. Another reference in the text that indicates that Tess is unhappy is on page 109, imparted to them a look of having been dipped in liquid fire. This quotation may refer to hell as Hardy uses the word liquid fire that could refer to hell and sadness. Hardy is best known for his beautiful but often oppressive portrayal of the countryside. This is likely to be a reflection of his background. Thomas Hardys entire childhood was spent close to the soil, growing up in the countryside of a small village of Egdon village; he could carefully observe the regularity of natural change. As a 21st Century reader there are many indications that reveal that Tess of the DUrbervilles was written in the late 1800s because of reference to the social and agricultural changes he describes. There is mention of the agricultural revolution in one of the extract I have chosen to analyse, in the Maiden No More, when Hardy says, formed the revolving Maltese cross of the reaping-machine the arms of the mechanical reaper. The word machine and mechanical have come up twice here, indicating that changes were being made to the agriculture with the usage of non-manual forms of harvesting. Both Hardy and Lawrence have different styles of writing, but this is because they were written in during different period of time. This can be identified in Tickets Please when Lawrence uses listing, as a way of describing the depot room. The last place described in Tickets Please is when we reach the climax of the story and the girls beat up John Thomas. The waiting room is described as being very cosy and warm and away from the darkness and lawlessness of wartime. These phrases make this part of the story sound exciting and are a build-up to the fight. Lawrence says: It was quite rough, but cosy, with a fire and an oven and a mirror, and a table and wooden chairs. The room is not described in a lot of detail here, but is in a simple listed order, making it not very striking, compared to the former journey, at the beginning of the story, using many adjective, adverbs, intriguing verbs and similes. Both writers have used the settings to set their characters moods. Hardy has distinctly done this making it quite obvious for a reader to pick out grammatical and philosophical elements. Lawrence has used the setting to determine what will happen to the characters and what sort of climax or twist that he wants to build into the story. This is evident in the beginning of Tickets Please when a gloomy atmosphere is set, making one of the protagonists Annie, feeling dull and not aroused. Then Lawrence uses the exciting funfair to set the mood of love and passion, and then finally the climax of the fight, fortified by description of the room. In conclusion both writers have similar ways of expressing the scenery through usage of grammatical tools, but different ways of displaying this, and have variations in their style of writing and the intensity of the language.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Disaster Management of JohnsonJohnson and Coca

Disaster Management of JohnsonJohnson and Coca Introduction On 30th September 1982, Johnson Johnson Company’s boss received news that seven people had died after consuming cyanide-laced capsules of Tylenol in Chicago. The news spread expressly through the media to the extent of causing countrywide panic.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Disaster Management of JohnsonJohnson and Coca-Cola specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The company launched investigations to find out the causes of the deaths and ascertain the association of their product to the deaths. The outcome proved that an individual had maliciously replaced the Tylenol extra-strength capsules with cyanide extra strength in the company’s packages and sold them to consumers to bring down the business reputation. The company had a hard time trying to explain the situation to the public and its customers and convince them to continue trusting its merchandise. Although the strategy worked, the cor poration lost many revenues. Even with such a scenario, the company did not prepare for the eventuality of another such attack. In 1986, a similar attack took place. However, the company was more prepared and was able to deal with the problem. This occurrence redefined the rules of crisis management. Scholars have strengthened their thesis concerning this fact. A different scenario in Europe put Coca-Cola in the same spot, making it lose market control to the level of banning its products and rights from markets. Unlike the Johnson Johnson Company’s crisis, Coca-Cola had poor public relations, which cost it more to re-enter the market. The scenarios in these two companies have given crisis control scholars two different points of view and allowed them to analyse the approaches in a manner that determines the method that is most appropriate for a particular scenario.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first pape r with 15% OFF Learn More Every company must have crisis management embedded in its managerial strategy. Companies must learn to study the market and determine the threats as they occur so that they can do away with them as soon as they pop up to avoid losing business or tarnishing their brand names. This paper will focus on these two crises to bring out the key points that determine the effectiveness of a response to a crisis and the failures that are associated with poor handling of such scenarios. Crisis Management for the Two Companies Johnson Johnson Crisis By 1982, Johnson Johnson Company had commanded about 35% of the US counters analgesic markets. This accomplishment translated to about 15% of the total national revenues in over-the-counter drugs. By far, it had the controlling power. Thus, it acted as the price giver. According to Rehak (2002), the results of cyanide incorporation in the Tylenol were catastrophic. Seven people died in the US. The situation resulted in a market-wide panic and reduction in the consumption of the company’s products. The information turned the population against the drug. For a large period, the company’s drugs lost value. From another viewpoint, the company shares too went down almost to a recess. The events must have taught the company a major lesson. Following the end of this crisis that was poorly managed, another similar crisis faced the company in 1986. One might wonder whether the company had no hint concerning catastrophe preparedness. The company was not ready to lose any more value in stock. It made a quick response to the crisis by recalling its products both in the home market and in the international front. This move was consumer-friendly. It would go a long way in its future. Although the company had to spend over one billion dollars in correcting this mistake, it was recognised as the most consumer responsive company (Rehak, 2002). This achievement swayed the population to tr ust its products.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Disaster Management of JohnsonJohnson and Coca-Cola specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Clients were assured that the company was readily responding to their call in case of a crisis. As Rehak (2002) says, â€Å"It placed consumers first by recalling 31 million bottles of Tylenol capsules from store shelves and offering replacement product in the safer tablet form free of charge† (Para. 3). Most painkiller consumers shifted their loyalty from other brands such as Perrier to Johnson Johnson. This move by the corporation was a calculated one. The risks were too high. The business would have faced a criminal impeachment that would have cost it more billions while at the same time losing the client base, products, and the market for future production. The reader might want to predict what would have happened if the company did not implement such a response mechanism . The company’s well-calculated response saved it from this loss because any more deaths would have resulted in the company’s products being banned from many of the markets. This crisis would not have been controlled at this level. The quick response created trust between the manufacturer and the consumer. By observing the consumer characteristics of wanting to consume nothing but the best, the firm understood that the shopper would shift to another product unless there was a compensating factor. The recall was smart, as the consumer felt cared for and thus convinced to remain loyal (Curtin, Hayman, Husein, 2004). The company’s management forewent the short-term goals for the long-term ones by losing the billion dollars in recalls as a way of restructuring the company’s strategy (Rehak, 2002). Its ability to achieve the long-term goals at that moment entirely depended on how it would handle the situation.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although silencing the problem came at a cost, the company assured customers of safety when enjoying its products. Since the clients were the same target bases for the company’s longer goals, it secured their returns in the end. The reader can confirm that the move was a game changer that had not been tried before. Any backfiring would have cost the company more resources. The outcome was unpredictable and open to market forces. For crisis managers to undertake this method, they must have studied the market to know which move to play. Coca-Cola’s 1999 Crisis Coca-cola is a globalised company whose financial assets are estimated at 160 billion dollars. It controls most of the world soft drink market. In Europe alone, its market share is about 60% (Johnson Peppas, 2003). This figure implies that it has the majority market share and thus a price setter. Given that Europe acts as one trade bloc in most of its economic decisions, any crisis that hits a single nation can be felt in all the 15 nations in the union. A company such as Coca-Cola must thus be careful in its response to the crisis to ensure that it remains at the same controlling position of retaining its profits constant. Confirming this assertion, Business Monitor International (2014) says, â€Å"The Coca-Cola Company (Coke) has been behind PepsiCo (Pepsi) in addressing the weakening industry structure† (p. 168). Unfortunately, this happening was not the case in 1999. According to Johnson and Peppas (2003), while it tried to respond to the issue of drink contamination in its own approach, the company was unable to convince the nations that it had everything under control. Managers had to face the challenge of explaining the contamination of imported drinks. Countries such as Germany were unhappy with the situation. Reporting in New York Times, Andrews (1999) confirmed how, â€Å"a growing number of consumer groups in Germany and elsewhere complained that Coca-Cola had been opaque and unreassuring in its public explanations† (Para. 4). They demanded the company to be receptive. In response, the company sent crisis managers to curb the spread of the disaster, as well as its return to its former position. The reader might want to know whether the goods were recalled as witnessed in the previous case. However, unlike Johnson Johnson Company situation, Coca-Cola did not recall the products. For instance, as Blanding (2010) reveals, steered by its Indian subsidiaries, the company placed an advertisement saying, â€Å"We can safely assert that there is no contamination or toxicity whatsoever in our brand of beverages† (p. 242). Instead, it pushed to see that the products were sold citing that the drinks were not contaminated and that they could not affect the consumers’ health. As a result, some of the trustworthy consumers remained loyal to the brand, although many nations and consumer protection groups pushed for the withdrawal of the product s from the market. The result was some nations banning the use of the products in some countries. For instance, Belgium-manufactured products were banned from German markets. Andrews (1999) confirms this assertion by showing how, â€Å"German authorities began checking the origin of Coke products and removing any that had been bottled in France or Belgium† (Para. 4). Spain and Italy followed suit. Implication Following the extensive business and ecological problems that arose during the 1980s, disaster administration was introduced. GAO was in the forefront to bring the subject of crisis management on the table. This body â€Å"focused on three phases of the financial crisis management† (GAO, 1997, p. 1). The aim was to assess damages that occur in case of a disaster and create mechanisms to deal with them while maintaining the companies’ financial status as close as possible to its former position. From these expositions, the industrial crisis that hit the John son Johnson Company had repercussions in terms of how it was handled. However, a similar crisis in 1986 redefined the company’s position and crisis management approaches. In 1999, Coca-Cola was hit by the same kind of crisis. However, its slowness in response deteriorated its position, thus leading to major losses in the European region. In terms of loss of market control, Coca-Cola lost market since its products were banned from these major markets (Lyon, 2004). Confirming this situation, Johnson and Peppas (2003) say, â€Å"the Belgian Health Ministry ordered that Coca-Cola trade-marked products be withdrawn from the Belgian market† (p. 18). Considering that it controls 60% of the European soft drinks market, the company lost billions in dollars after consumers lost their trust in the company’s products. In terms of investment loss, while the products were not recalled in some regions such as Germany, the company was unable to sell the products, despite sendi ng administrative official to confirm to consumers that the products had, â€Å"no signs of contamination† (Andrews, 1999, Para. 14). This observation means that it lost both the short-term and long-term investment. Since the products remained in stall, the production was slowed. Hence, the future of its sales was uncertain. According to Johnson and Peppas (2003), the business was finally recalled from the market following the push from the Belgian Health department because of two unconnected reasons. Firstly, customers protested of irregular flavour and aroma in the company’s bottles. Secondly, one hundred people became unwell following the consumption of the drinks (Johnson Peppas, 2003). An approximate of fifteen million packaging containers was returned to the company. Although Coca-Cola had existed for over one hundred and thirteen years before this event, it experienced decrease in consumer loyalty. It had gained massive consumer loyalty. Most consumers regarded its products to have the highest quality in soft drink manufacturing. How the Crises were Well Managed Following the identification of the crisis and an overview of the course of action of the two scenarios, this section will make a chronological review of the management of the crisis. It also presents short-term and long-term outcomes in an attempt to see the effect of their approaches. The section will also define a working plan that will compare the approaches of theories of crisis management and conclude on their effectiveness. Which is the most effective crisis management approach? To answer this question, it will work to investigate, determine, and analyse the approaches to give a detailed conclusion and suggestion as to the most effective approaches. Following the lift of the ban in Belgium, the company had to discuss the way forward. For instance, it was â€Å"to take immediate steps to remedy those problems† (Johnson Peppas, 2003, p. 18). He announced that the comp any would embark on aggressive marketing campaign in Europe to regain consumer trust. He held forums, giving samples, and holding dances and music parties where the attendees were given free drinks (Johnson Peppas, 2003). The company also held a summer tour around Europe to promote the brand. A competition around Europe in which 72,000 customers would win different prices was undertaken Johnson Peppas, 2003). This strategy was very effective since consumers had to guzzle many of the products to participate and win. The products regained their popularity throughout Europe in this promotion. From this plan, the key role of crisis management as part of every management strategy became evident. Coca-Cola Company may have failed to foresee this crisis. However, it was not prepared to deal with the crisis. What it did was to solve the aftermath of the crisis. Did it have a team that was ready to respond to the problem immediately before it escalated? Controlling the aftermath became mor e expensive than it should have been if such a team were in place. As Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell (2010) assert, perception becomes a reality and that unless a situation is curbed as it emerges, it escalates to bigger issue. The governments finally lifted the ban, which was a reassuring point to the people upon considering that the community respected and expected them (governments) to protect their interests. As Johnson and Peppas (2003) confirm, â€Å"the Company began moving to resume production of high-quality products while maintaining efforts to recover and destroy all existing products† (p. 19). Brand image preservation was a key requirement. Using its website, the company initiated public education (Johnson Peppas, 2003). The factors were generalised to fit all countries. The brand was also more informative on the containers. This information assured the public that the company was taking steps to ensuring that such incidents were outdated. In terms of value-adde d components, the company was able to convince the public that its product had value-added components that could make it out win its competitors (Johnson Peppas, 2003). For instance, it embarked on quality merchandise whose prices were affordable. The company built public confidence in its leadership. For instance, with the coming of the vice-president to assess the situation in Belgium, the corporation showed a lot of care on the side of its clients and management. This outcome was a positive social responsiveness. Tylenol had dominated the over-the-counter bazaar in America for years. In fact, as Markel (2014) says, â€Å"Before the 1982 crisis, Tylenol controlled more than 35 percent of the over-the-counter pain reliever market† (Para. 10). However, the company chose to withdraw it from the market to show that it was not ready to risk public lives. Kaplan (n.d) presents the role that public relations played in the process of addressing this disaster. This move reversed th e public view. Instead of seeing Tylenol as the cause of its issues, esteemed clients and stakeholders regarded the company as the victim of the disaster. Thus, they remained loyal to Johnson Johnson Company’s brand. This move was significant and effective. It allowed the company to forego its short-term goals while at the same time re-emerging to fulfil and achieve its long-term goals as Johnson and Peppas (2003) confirms. This move that cost the company millions of dollars also saved it more billions that would have otherwise been incurred while struggling to join the market a new after the crisis. In response to the crisis, the company engaged in informative advertisement plans. Using the media, the company communicated to the public concerning its plan to produce quality and standard. For the Coca-Cola Company, this strategy reduced and eliminated the possibility of further casualties. Confirming the above achievements, Johnson and Peppas (2003) assert, â€Å"By the beg inning of August, research indicated that core users of Coca-Cola brand products reported the same intent-to-purchase levels as before the crisis† (p. 20). For Johnson Johnson, the move also reduced the cost of repaying and compensating the victims. Introduction of the triple packaging seals for commodity safety purpose was also an excellent strategy. Reporting for the New York Times, Pace (1982) says, â€Å"The business stock rose from $1.50 yesterday, to $47.25, in trading on the New York Stock Exchange† (Para. 8). This parcel had a fastened container, a synthetic material, and a close up that guaranteed safety of the content. Using multiple conferences at corporate headquarters, the company advertised the new plan of securing its packaging materials and immediately gained public, despite the move amplifying the business operations costs (Pace, 1982). Scholars such as Pace (1982) and Markel (2014) have viewed the strategy that Johnson Johnson Company adopted as the forgiveness and sympathy method. It reacted in a manner that depicted how it was sorry for the mistake. This strategy worked perfectly. Soon after, the company was the best performing. Rectification was witnessed based on the steps the company took to ensure that this event did not happen again. By introducing the three-seal package, the company showed the public its willingness to change the scenario and continue doing business with its venerated clientele. The sympathy strategy was such that the public viewed the crisis as a deliberate attack by an outside force. This tactic won sympathy for the company from the public, which meant that it (the public) would help it (the company) to regain its position and thus disassociate it with poor drugs. Changes to be made for Future Resilience Evaluating the two approaches, both companies were able to deal with the crisis at hand in different ways to achieve the same objective. The difference was only witnessed in the cost of averting the c risis. The whole study on Coca-Cola revolves around the fact that the company was not quick enough to solve the issues as compared to Johnson Johnson Tylenol Company. The ease at which one company discovered the problem determined the incurred costs. Both companies failed to put in place a crisis management team before the crisis happened. They should have put up this department in their management strategies to ease the response. If this plan were in place, the number of casualties in both scenarios would have been less. The companies have ever since considered having a crisis response team following the lesson they got from the two events. Coca-Cola Company should have considered consumer protection a priority over profits. It did not withdraw its products from the market until its brand was banned. This step was only a control measure, rather than a management strategy. It only responded to the crisis while not addressing its consumers or issuing a statement that would have crea ted a sympathy situation. On the other hand, Johnson Johnson Company accepted it fault given that this incident was the second crisis of the similar manner. With reference to the 1982 case, the company waited without issuing a control mechanism until the occurrence of the second problem to initiate the protocol. The company was profit conscious and hence the reason why it did not want to recall its products because that move would have reduced its returns. Conclusion Coca-Cola is among the most recognised businesses in the world for its sale of soft drinks. However, the paper has made it clear that the company did not attain its excellent global rank in a day. It has had to learn from the many crises that have come its way. Many scholars who have been studying this company for decades have associated the turbulent experiences as the root behind the company’s social responsiveness, better customer services, and the globally-recognised brand name. Similarly, Johnson Johnson C ompany remains the best business in terms of social responsibility. With reference to the crisis under study, the company adopted the right procedure by choosing to recall its products, irrespective of the cost. It did the right thing by accepting that it was in the wrong and that the consequences it faced were short-lived. Thanks to these companies, the public is aware of the step it should take if such a situation re-emerges. It is best to remain objective in solving the situation, regardless of the cost since every company works for its consumers. All companies’ interest should be to make the lives of the consumers better. These tips proved efficient in dealing with the management of Johnson Johnson and the 1982 and 1999 Coca-Cola crises. Reference List Andrews, E. (1999, June 17). International Business; Cokes Chief Apologises for Response on Contamination. The New York Times. Retrieved from nytimes.com/1999/06/17/business/international-business-coke-s-chief-apologises-f or-response-on-contamination.html Blanding, M. (2010). The Dirty Truth Behind The World’s Favourite Soft Drink. New York, NY: Penguin Group. Business Monitor International. (2014). The United Kingdom Food Drink Report Q1 2015. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3sid=6e4c0d98-000c-40a8-a269-abd4a8d130a6%40sessionmgr4004hid=4105 Curtin, T., Hayman, D., Hussein, N. (2004). Managing a Crisis: A Practical Guide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Ferrell, C., Fraedrich, J., Ferrell, L. (2010). Business ethics: Ethical decision-making and cases: 2009 update. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning. GAO. (1997). Financial Crisis Management: Four Financial Crises of the 1980s. Retrieved from gao.gov/archive/1997/gg97096.pdf Johnson, V., Peppas, S. (2003). Crisis Management in Belgium: The Case of Coca-Cola. Corporate Communications: An International journal, 8(1), 18-22. Kaplan, T. (n.d). The Tylenol Crisis: How Effective Public Relations Save d Johnson Johnson. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University. Lyon, T. (2004). Crisis Management: Coca-Cola in Europe. Michigan: University of Michigan. Markel, H. (2014). How the Tylenol murders of 1982 changed the way we consume medication. Retrieved from pbs.org/newshour/updates/tylenol-murders-1982/ Pace, E. (1982, Nov 12). Tylenol Will Reappear In Triple-Seal Package. New York Times. Retrieved from nytimes.com/1982/11/12/business/tylenol-will-reappear-in-triple-seal-package.html Rehak, J. (2002). Tylenol made a hero of Johnson Johnson: The recall that started  them all. Retrieved from nytimes.com/2002/03/23/your-money/23iht-mjj_ed3_.html Simpson, M. (2013). Case Study: Coca-Cola. Retrieved from https://crisiscomms.wordpress.com/2013/07/18/case-study-coca-cola/

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

The Best IB English Study Guide and Notes for SL

The Best IB English Study Guide and Notes for SL/HL SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Are you taking IB English and need some help with your studying? No need to reread all the books and poems you covered in class! This study guide is for IB English A students (students in IB English A: literature SL/HL, IB English A: language and literature SL/HL, or IB English literature and performance SL) who are looking for additional guidance on writing their commentaries or essays. I've compiled this IB English study guide using the best free materials available for this class. Use it to supplement your classwork and help you prepare for exams throughout the school year. What’s Tested on the IB English Exams? The IB English courses are unique from other IB classes in that they don't have a very rigid curriculum with exact topics to cover. Instead, your class (or most likely your teacher) is given the freedom to choose what works (from a list of prescribed authors and a list of prescribed literature in translation from IBO) to teach. The exams reflect that freedom. On the exam for all English A courses, you’re asked to write an essay (or essays) that incorporates examples from the novels you read. You’re also asked to interpret text (typically poetry, though sometimes an excerpt from a book) that you read for the first time the day of the exam. The exact number of questions varies by the course, but the types of questions asked on each all fall into the two categories listed above. What’s Offered in This Guide? In this guide, I have compiled materials to help teach you how to interpret poetry and how to structure your essay/commentary. I've also provided notes on several books typically taught in IB English SL/HL. This should be all of the material you need to study for your IB exam and to study for your in-class exams. How to Interpret Poetry Guides Many people struggle the most with the poetry material, and if you're one of those people,we have some resources specifically for making poetry questions easier. Here is afull explanation of how to interpret poetry for the IB examwith term definitions, descriptions of types of poems, and examples.This is another great resource withpoetry terms defined on â€Å"flashcards†, and you can test yourself on the site by clicking "play". How to Write Your Essay Guide If you're not sure how to write your essay, here's a guide towhat you essay should look like for the IB English SL/HL papers.This guide gives advice on how you should structure your essay and what you should include in it. It also contains a few sample questions so you can get a better idea of the types of prompts you can expect to see. IB English Book Notes Based on the list of prescribed authors and literaturefrom IBO, I picked some of the most popular books to teach and provided links to notes on those works. What's important to remember from these books is key moments, themes, motifs, and symbols, so you can discuss them on your in-class tests and the IB papers. Agamemnon Anna Karenina Antigone Crime and Punishment Death of a Salesman A Doll's House Don Quixote Dr. Zhivago Hamlet Heart of Darkness Jane Eyre King Lear Love in the Time of Cholera Macbeth One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Romeo Juliet Sense and Sensibility The Stranger The Sun Also Rises Waiting for Godot The Best Study Practices for IB English Hopefully, this guide will be an asset to you throughout the school year for in-class quizzes as well as at the end of the year for the IB exam. Taking practice tests is also important, and you should also look at our other article for access to FREE IB English past papersto help you familiarize yourself with the types of questions asked by the IBO (and I’m sure your teacher will ask similar questions on your quizzes). Make sure you're reading all of the novels and poetry assigned to you in class, and take detailed notes on them. This will help you remember key themes and plot points so you don't find yourself needing to reread a pile of books right before the exam. Finally, keep up with the material you learn in class,and don't fall behind.Reading several novels the week before the IB exam won’t be much help. You need to have time and let the material sink in over the course of the class, so you’re able to remember it easily on the day of the IB exam. What’s Next? Want some morestudy materials for IB English?Our guide to IB English past papers has links to every free and official past IB English paper available! Are you hoping to squeeze in some extra IB classes? Learn about the IB courses offered onlineby reading our guide. Not sure where you want to go to college? Check out our guide to finding your target school.Also, figure out your target SAT score or target ACT score. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Rhetorical Analysis on a speech Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Rhetorical Analysis on a speech - Essay Example During the federal election in November, Anthony was able to convince the election staff in Rochester, New York to let her and a number of her female friends to register so that they can participate in the electoral exercise. The premise of their argument is that their group of women wanted to claim their right in the said election because it is expressed in the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, which supposedly takes precedence over the statute barring women to vote under the Constitution of New York. Four days after she casted her vote, Anthony was incarcerated and let out only after paying $1000 bail. And so triggered the important oratorical piece, â€Å"Is It a Crime for a Citizen of the United States to Vote?†, she would deliver that would contribute its part to the women’s suffrage movement then and later on. The Rhetoric The speech, as previously stated, is an excellent rhetorical piece. It can be classified as such because it was ve ry successful in impressing its audience by appealing to emotions, effectively driving them to action, to take the side of the speaker or change point of views. These are made more significant by the fact that the speech is a composed of a meager 538 words. Anthony took the podium, defending her actions during the elections, stressing that what she did is an assertion of her rights, which should be equal to any of the American citizens regardless of sex and ethnicity. She explained her position eloquently, citing the laws of men and the natural law, craftily steering the discourse on the issue of personhood – of whether women are persons as well. The idea is quite clever since the suggestion of the opposite would make women not persons, effectively relegating the side she was criticizing as unjust, to the point of barbarism so as to consider the female sex incomplete or not entirely human. To demonstrate the efficacy of the persuasive capability of the speech, I would outline three important elements present in Anthony’s persuasive speech – loosely based on the Aristotelian conception of what makes an effective rhetoric. First point is the fact that Anthony’s speech presented strong arguments. As with any form of persuasive text, it has sufficiently outlined several facts and verifiable information that supported each points made. For example, Anthony claimed that the right to vote is applicable to women as much as it covers men. She used excerpts from the American Constitution – a very credible resource that rightfully superseded all legal documents in the US. She was emphatic about the â€Å"we† and â€Å"citizen† words as expressed in the preamble of the Constitution as well as the in opinions of the legal luminaries of her time such as Webster, Worcester and Bouvier. Anthony was able to effectively draft a logical and natural argumentation as if women-voting is the most natural thing in the world and that to deny them such opportunity is like an aberration that could offend the lord Almighty, himself. Anthony, ended her speech with a question: whether women are persons, too. The answer is her most powerful argument, banking on the commonsensical answer that they are, indeed. And so what is the specific reason why women are to be denied the right of other persons –